Tulamben, one of the coastal villages in Karangasem regency, that belonging into Karangasem Marine Protected Area (MPA). Tulamben has a high potential in marine tourism, popular with underwater diving spot (USAT Liberty Shipwreck) . The vast numbers of divers visiting the Liberty Shipwreck laid immense pressure on the coral ecosystem, further becoming a threat of damage on the reefs. In the long-term, this could endanger both the underwater ecosystem, as well as the fishery and tourism industry that has become Tulamben’s main potential source of income.
Looking on the threat to the coral reefs, the Tulamben local government is attempting to build a new alternative diving site. This is carried out by allocating budget to build hexadome (artificial reef) for the transplantation of new coral reefs. This project was initiated by the Tulamben Dive Guides Organization (OPST) and the Tulamben village officials heads of hamlets (Kawil), I Nyoman Suastika by submitting a proposal to the village government. After reviewing in village discussion in the 2018 budget period, the activity could be carried out in the 2019 budget year. The program was implemented with an allocation of funds of Rp 42,306,512.50 to make 35 hexadomes. Hexadome construction began in early June 2019 and was planned to be deployed in mid-July 2019 around the Coral Garden beach.
The Tulamben Village Government’s effort, led by its Head of Viilage I Nyoman Ardika, to allocate village budgets for marine conservation, should be appreciated. This is because after 5 years of Law (UU) No. 6 year 2014 on Villages being passed, not many villages have realized their authority and responsibility on the issues of environmental conservation. Of the many needs and priorities of village development at present, the issues of environmental conservation is not the main priority compare to infrastructure development programs whose effects can be felt immediately by the local community, the issues of environmental conservation has only long-term impacts and had rarely received any attention.
The success of Tulamben Village in allocating its budget and implementing programs related to the marine conservation is a fairly long process. Starting with facilitation from CI Indonesia through village participatory mapping in 2016, then the preparation of the 2017 Tulamben Village Coastal Management Laws (Perdes Pengelolaan Pesisir), the preparation of a hexadome village budget in 2018, and currently Tulamben Village is in the process of drafting village regulations on village waste management.