Home / Research / Laporan “Socio Economic Study Of Coastal Community In Karangasem Regency” dalam rangka mendukung pembentukan Jejaring Kawasan Konservasi Perairan di Kabupaten Karangasem

Laporan “Socio Economic Study Of Coastal Community In Karangasem Regency” dalam rangka mendukung pembentukan Jejaring Kawasan Konservasi Perairan di Kabupaten Karangasem

Evaluating fishers’ perception towards MPAs development and its impacts: case study in Karangasem District, Bali, Indonesia

Writer: Jensi Sartin

Published: 2012

Keyword: Fishers, perception, marine protected areas (MPAs), Karangasem

Sumber/link lengkap dokumen:
Conservation International Indonesia
ci-indonesia@conservation.org
Jl. Dr. Muwardi No. 17
Renon, Denpasar BALI 80235 Phone: (0361) 237 245

Laporan “Socio Economic Study Of Coastal Community In Karangasem Regency” dalam rangka mendukung pembentukan Jejaring Kawasan Konservasi Perairan di Kabupaten Karangasem

Implemented by: Jensi Sartin
Yayasan Reef Check Indonesia Funded by
Conservation International Foundation Margaret A. Cargill Foundation

Title: Evaluating fishers’ perception towards MPAs development and its impacts: case study in Karangasem District, Bali, Indonesia

ABSTRACT

As part of effort to conserve important assets of coral reef and other marine ecosystems in their jurisdiction, the Karangasem government have designated four areas for conservation through Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). However, there is limited understanding on how the resource users, especially the fisheries sector, perceive this plan, and whether they will support it or not. This paper aims to evaluate the perception of fishers in Karangasem towards MPAs development and its potential impact. It is predicted that fishers’ perception towards MPAs are influenced by their fishing, social, and economic characteristics. Face-to- face interviews were conducted with 328 fishers in the four designated areas. Their responses towards statements related to MPAs development and perceived impacts of MPAs to their fishing business and activities were recorded. The majority of fishers showed a relatively high positive perception towards the establishment of the MPAs. Most fishers agreed that some area should be protected and fishers should be involved in the establishment process of MPAs and be provided with assistance. However, fishers showed mixed responses to the adequacy of MPAs to conserve the ecosystems. Regarding the impacts of MPAs, most fishers perceived that MPAs would increase the number of fish, sustainability inside MPAs, and fishers’ awareness, and decrease destructive fishing inside MPAs. However, most fishers perceived that MPAs would have no effect on fishing activities, diversity of fish, the long-term future of a fisher, and destructive fishing outside MPAs There were mixed perceptions regarding the impact of MPAs on the number of available fishing areas. It was found that perceptions of fishers towards MPAs and their impacts were significantly influenced in both directions (positive and negative) by fisher’s characteristics: Location of fishing ground and place of residence were found to influence most of fishers’ perceptions about impact of MPAs. With such variability and complexity, understanding fishers’ characteristics and perception is critical to ensure effectiveness and success of MPAs. Given the urgency of effective MPAs management and limited understanding of socio-economic aspects of MPAs in the region, future research in this field should be prioritised.

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